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경기도 6개 농촌지역 현지조사, 1958

Data Type
Observation Record
ID Number
Observation Records of Field Work in the Rural Areas of Gyeonggi-do, 1958
Study on the Social Structure of Rural Communities in Korea
Lee, Man-Gap. Observation Records of Field Work in the Rural Areas of Gyeonggi-do, 1958 [Dataset]. Department of Sociology, Seoul National University[Producers]. Korea Social Science Data Archive (KOSSDA) [Distributors], 2009-01-02, B2-1958-0001, V1.0, http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12236/13175
Principal Investigator(s)
Lee, Man-Gap / Department of Sociology, Seoul National University
Department of Sociology, Seoul National University
Research Institute for Korean Studies
Lee, Man-Gap
Lee, Man-Gap
Date of Deposit
Korea Social Science Data Archive (KOSSDA)
Date of Distribution
Date of Version
The 「Study on the Social Structure of Rural Communities in Korea」 was conducted to examine the changes in the social structure of rural communities in Korea as a result of political, economic, and social changes such as the land reform and the Korean War following liberation as well as changes in personal relations such as homology, feudal status relations, and economic status. For this purpose fieldwork as well as survey was conducted in 6 selected towns in Gyeonggi-do’s Gwangju-gun and Youngin-gun, and this data is the observation record of the fieldwork.
The fieldwork was conducted in areas where the various aspects of class as well as landlord-tenant relations could be observed. The 6 towns chosen for the fieldwork were Gwangju-gun’s Dolma-myun Ueomsu-ri, Dochon-ri, Hadaewon-ri, Opo-myeon Neungpyeong-ri Changpyung and Chagok, and youngin-gun Mohyun-myeon Neungwon-ri. The fieldwork was conducted three time including two pilot studies and one main research. The first pilot study was conducted in the summer of 1958 at Dolma-myeon 3gae-ri and Neungpyeung-ri and the second pilot study was conducted in December of the same year at Youngin-gun’s Mohyun-myeon Neungwon-ri and Gwangju-gun’s Dolma-myeon Dochon-ri and Ueomsu-ri. The main research was conducted for 21 days starting on December 13th among the household heads of the 6 towns.
The main research contents include number of households, religion, wedding and funeral customs, social structure, major families, whether class stratification still remains, methods of palanquin and bier bearing, class mobility following farmland reform, changes in landowner-tenant farmer relations as well as state of hired labor.
The data is composed of the observation records of the first and second pilot studies as well as main research and observation records from the Gwangju Lee family seasonal ancestor-memorial rites that took place between the second pilot and main research. Also it includes statistical data on Gwangju-gun’s history, religion, social facilities, economy, and education as well as detailed statistical data on the population and farming in Opo-myeon and Dolma-myeon.
regional researchrural societyrural economyfarm incomefarming household incomefarm household incomeSaemaeul Movementfarmers associationssocial classstatus systemclass consciousnessclass conflictyangbanaristocratnoblemanleadershipsocial relationsfolk belieffuneralsweddingsancestral ritual formalitiesexchange of labortrust in governmentparticipation in politicssocial activitychild educationsocial statistics
Region/ Community
Date of Collection
Geographic Coverage
Gwangju-gun and Youngin-gun in Gyeonggi-do
Mode of Data Collection
Field observation; semi-structured interviews
Extent of Collection
File List(pdf) ; Document(pdf)
File List-Korean ; Document-Korean
Availability Status
Public Use
한국 농촌의 사회구조 연구는 현지조사 관찰기록과 함께 설문조사 기록(Kossda 자료번호 B1-1958-0001)도 이용 가능하다.
File Information
File Type File Name File Description File Format File Size Download
Related Documents-Other filelist.pdf 파일리스트 PDF 1.92 MB 다운로드

이만갑. 1973. 한국 농촌사회의 구조와 변화. 서울대학교 KSSL Google

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